LED Downlights & Recessed Downlights

LED downlights (downlighters or recessed ceiling downlights, as some call them) are a fantastic choice for providing your room with a sleek and minimalistic finish. It offers a style of lighting that is especially popular amongst contemporary interiors - this is attributed to the lights being positioned within the ceiling itself. This allows for a perfect, discrete fitting for an unobtrusive presence.

This has resulted in recessed lighting becoming a common component in most homes. Most modern homes nowadays heavily imply the use of LED lighting due to their wealth of benefits compared to other incandescent lights. One such benefit is the fact that the average LED light bulb can last anywhere from 50,000 hours. Another incredible safety feature is the fact that most LEDs can be installed near water - and in most cases, fully submerged.

For instance, an IP65 LED downlight can be placed directly above a shower to light up your bathrooms. Or they can be installed above your stove for safer cooking. These rooms are best suited to cool white lights that provide a sharp and intense lighting solution. Although, warmer lighting options are also available.

Warm white is an excellent choice for a bedroom or living room, providing a softer ambient feel to the atmosphere. Additionally, dimmable LED downlights are available. These can be dimmable using traditional analogue controls, which can also be operated VIA mobile phone or tablet device.

It is also worth noting that this fixture is not just for your home. As a result of the ever advancements in technology this has enabled the possibility of LEDs being brighter than any other lighting solution currently available. In addition, the versatility of LED downlights makes them suitable for commercial operations.

The minimalist and unobtrusive design means that they can be installed with minimal disruption to an office space. This ultimately provides better quality lighting capabilities at significantly lower costs. The lower energy consumption of LEDs - guarantees that your utility bills are reduced, coupled with the fact that you contributing to lowering your carbon footprint.

What Is A Downlight?

In essence, a downlight is a light fitting that illuminates in a downward direction to specifically brighten an area directly below. They are most commonly recessed into the ceiling, so you only see a small part of the fitting below the ceiling.

Downlights serve as a versatile light fitting that proves to offer several versatile uses throughout a plethora of different rooms. These are also a great way to create zones, navigate around the space of a room and highlight key areas - such as artwork or photos.

This lighting fixture often uses LED bulbs as they offer the best lighting solutions, as well as the fact you have the option to dim the lights. However, there are integrated LED downlights which already have built-in bulbs within the fitting.  In addition, they can fit into the ceiling with the light fixtures. LED stands for Light Emitting Diodes, which means that they are energy-efficient lighting systems that use far less energy than standard filament bulbs.

LEDs come in various types, but LED downlights are also known as recessed bulbs. So-called because they are fitted into artificial recesses or in your ceiling. Due to this, they are stylish and unobtrusive, which makes them an extremely popular choice for modern interior design.

Dimmable LED Downlight:

In comparison to other energy-efficient bulbs, some models of LED downlights are dimmable. Dimming your fixture allows you to adjust the lighting level depending on what time of day it is.

The dimming feature is also helpful for setting a more intimate feel when dining or relaxing. So, whether you have cool white or warm white LED colours, you can set it to create a cosier environment. As an additional bonus, dimming lights means that they aren’t always working at full power - saving power consumption. Note that separate equipment and drivers are required to use the dimming features.

Smart LED Lighting:

Another excellent feature of a modern LED downlight is that you can now use them with smart devices such as iPhones or tablets - whichever you prefer. With the release of popular assistants such as Alexa, Siri and Google - you can turn your lights on or off as you would expect.

Although, you can also dim, change the colour and even adjust the temperature at the touch of a button. These adjustments can even be done with your voice. Unfortunately, not all LED downlights can connect to other devices.

GU10 LED Bulbs

The most common type of bulb that you will find for downlights is the GU10 LED bulb. More accurately, GU10 refers to the cap that is fitted to the bulb. GU10 bulbs are directional and focused, which means they can apply to almost any lighting project. In addition, modern GU10 bulbs come in a wide variety of wattage, which can apply to any lighting project.

Higher wattage solutions dispel the outdated misconception that they lack luminosity. With the correct wattage selection and installation, GU10 LED bulbs can provide vastly improved lighting over any other incandescent or fluorescent type.

How To Wire Downlights?

Installing LED lighting into your mains is not an easy task for an amateur, and understanding home electrics and electrical lighting is required. Depending on the model, you may or may not need a transformer. Additionally, different types of LED lighting are needed to be wired either in parallel or in series. Connection to a direct (DC) will extend the life of your LED lighting systems.

Rather than describing how to wire a downlight, we would advise that you refer to the consultation of a qualified electrician. Electrics are dangerous and shouldn’t be touched if you don’t know what you are doing. 

How Many Downlights Do I Need?

In regards to the number of downlights that you need, this is dependent on which room they will be used and for what purpose they will serve. For example, will they be used as the primary lighting source or for a particular task? You may wish to install an LED downlight as the primary lighting source across your living room or to highlight your food preparation area in your kitchen.

Therefore, multiple low-wattage bulbs are required as a primary lighting source. In contrast, focus lighting might only need one high-wattage bulb. You must also take room size and ceiling height into consideration. A higher ceiling requires fewer bulbs, while a lower ceiling or fixture may need fewer.

A simple formula for calculating the wattage required is ceiling footage 2 x 1.5.

How To Remove A Downlight?

Removing a downlight is not quite as simple as with a standard bulb, but it is relatively easy once you get the hang of it. However, the flexibility of an LED downlight means that you can fit them into hard-to-reach places like under cabinets, cupboards and even under the kitchen sink.

The lighting fixture also plays a major benefactor in how you should remove it. There are various mechanisms for downlighting:


This mechanism requires two people. While one person places pressure on the base (push towards the ceiling), another person needs to twist the LED dome to detach.

This fixture type requires you to be a little more careful, as the base and dome might be fitted firmly with tightened springs. Tease a flat-head screwdriver in between the base and the ceiling and pry it enough so that you can easily fit your fingers in to pull it off.
Slotted Connectors:

Disconnecting from slots is relatively simple as it uses a simple locking mechanism whilst also using bumps and grooves. You should make sure to twist the dome, so it unlocks and then gently pull it away from the base.
Flush Mount:

Fixtures like this are the easiest to dismantle since it uses a screw mechanism. You need to locate the finial (the small screw in the centre of the dome) and turn it counterclockwise to unscrew it from the ceiling.

How To Change A Downlight Bulb?

You can expect your LED downlight to last for around 50,000 hours, although you may need to replace them at some stage. Regarding the process of removing a LED bulb, this is a fairly similar approach to removing a downlight.

To replace a LED bulb, various techniques will be required depending on the variety. Although, the most appropriate methods are fairly self-explanatory without understanding expertise or special tools.

Spring Clip:

To remove a spring clip bulb, undo the clips that hold the bulb in place. Once undone, you should gently pull the bulb out of the socket. You should take note that some fixtures might require an anti-clockwise turn.
To install a new bulb, you need to insert it into the socket and turn it clockwise. If required, hold it in place while you reattach the clips to hold it in place.
Twist Face:

You need to take a little more care when removing a twisted faceplate as it can drop with the bulb still attached. To remove this style of plate, you need to twist the plate anti-clockwise, once twisted - it should detach from its fixture.

To replace the bulb:

  • Unfasten the clip and unscrew the LED bulb.
  • Replace it with your new one.
  • Secure the bulb with the clips and then twist the plate back onto the fixture.

Removable Faceplate:

This faceplate is probably the trickiest kind to replace, and it is normally found in bathroom downlights. It would be best to detach the plate from the ceiling using an object like a small flat-head screwdriver.

Carefully insert the screwdriver into the gap between the plate and the ceiling, then apply gentle pressure to relieve the fitting. Next, detach the bulb by unclipping it from the fixture.
You can then insert your new LED bulb by attaching it to the fixture and securing it with the clips. Then reattach the faceplate in the same way you removed it.

How Many Downlights Per Room

How many downlights you will need is dependent on your personal preference, first and foremost. In addition, you need to assess how large the room is as well as what the purpose of the room is.

Also, the functionality of the lights is important, whether they will be used to complement the décor, as ambient light or for utility purposes. These considerations will determine the bulbs’ wattage, colour and temperature.

The size of the room in terms of the ceiling height and the height of the lighting fixtures are also things that you need to consider. The reason for this is that they will affect the impact this fixture will have on the room(s).

Although, you can figure out how many lights you require with the below calculation:

Measure the square footage of the room - you can do this by multiplying its depth and its width.

Multiply the result of the aforementioned step by 1.5 - this will provide you with the wattage needed to illuminate the designated space.

As a standard rule, lights should be placed roughly 2 feet away from the walls as well as spaced 3 to 4 feet from each other. To precisely understand the distance between the lights - divide the height of your ceiling by two. For instance, if your ceiling is 7 feet high, the lights should be placed 3.5 feet apart.

Need More Information On LED Fire Rated Downlights

If you have any questions regarding fire rated downlight - do not hesitate to get in touch with us today. A member of our team will be more than happy to assist you in choosing the right LED option for your needs, whether it be at home or in the workplace.

With excellent prices and high-quality products - Simple Lighting will brighten your day.

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    8w Low Glare IP65 Short Can Dimmable Fire Rated Downlight
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Are LED Recessed Downlights Worth It?

When choosing lighting solutions for your space, you may have come across a variety of selections. There are many types of light sources, and one of them is a recessed LED  downlight.

However, are they worth having in your space?

Any LED products are most likely your best option. So, an LED recessed downlight is better than an incandescent bulb or a fluorescent tube. It can save around 80% of your electrical power (versus an incandescent bulb), and the low-voltage power source linked to this fixture also improves electrical safety.

LED recessed downlights are an eco-friendly choice since they contain no hazardous elements like tungsten or mercury. It's safe for the environment and healthier to use for your family. Also, it produces less heat, so it won't make your room feel warmer, and even if you accidentally touch the bulb, you won't get burned, unlike with traditional lights. 

While energy efficiency and eco-friendliness are some of the attention-grabbing perks of an LED, the one that seals the deal are their low maintenance quality and extended lifespan. Once you install it, you don't need to do anything else afterwards. Just clean it regularly to remove dust and dirt, and you're done! Also, this lighting unit can last for 50,000 hours, so you don't have to replace them for years.

How to Distinguish Fire Rated Downlights?

How can you tell if a downlight is fire-rated or not? The easiest way to find out is by reviewing the product description or technical specification. Read through it carefully and ensure that it's explicitly stated. If you're still unsure, ask the salesperson to direct you to the fire-rated downlights section if you're shopping personally or go to the specific category if you're buying online. 

If you already have an existing downlight and want to know if it's fire-rated, here's what you can do. You can remove the fixture from the hole in your ceiling and check for a sticker label indicating it's fire rated. If you cannot find a sticker, look at the back. A fire rated downlight will have a closed back, while a regular downlight will have an open back. 

Typically, if your home has been around for some time, the mounted downlights that you see may not be included in the fire rated range. It would be best to check it out and replace them if they are indeed not a fire rated LED fixture. 

Can I Replace Old Downlights With LED?

Yes, you can replace old downlights with an LED alternative. However, getting an electrician to do the changeover from halogen to LEDs is advisable. If you're not knowledgeable about lighting and electrics, leaving it to the professionals to guarantee correct and safe installation is better. You can instead do the replacement of the LED bulbs once your fixture is already transitioned to an LED one. 

Imagine using a halogen downlight which requires constant bulb changes. It will be a hassle since it's installed up in the ceiling. What if you have a very high one and several downlight bulbs to replace? It'll be a nightmare!

An LED recessed downlight will enable you to use an LED bulb that lasts a long time. This eliminates the chore of replacing bulbs often! Also, since it's low maintenance, after installation, you can leave it and visit it once in a while just to remove any dust build-up.

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